Baltimore, MD

Baltimore’s Greater Hampden area is marked by many mill complexes along the creek that once powered the city’s industry. By the end of the 1980s, many of the mills had been shuttered, with the neighborhood’s last industrial occupants mostly in newer facilities. The first adaptive reuse projects opened in the late ‘80s and early ‘90s, including the 1992 reopening of Meadow Mill with a gym, artist studios, restaurants, and commercial space. The first residential project opened in 1995 at Clipper Mill. In the 2010s, a wave of new development kicked off with a greater overall focus on residential mixed-use development. Mill No. 1, which had most recently been a model train factory, had been largely vacant by 2009, save skateboarder and artist squatters. 
Renovated mill buildings from the courtyard at Mill No. 1. (Image via Terra Nova Ventures.)